Project Publications

[January 2014] – Conflict and cooperation over access to energy: Implications for a low-carbon future by Philip Andrews-Speed, Coby van der Linde, Kimon Keramidas, Futures 58 (2014) 103–114.

This paper explores how the balance between cooperation and conflict in access to energy resources and in the wider governance of energy may be shaped by wider geopolitical trends and may itself shape global cooperation in managing the transition to a low-carbon world.

[June 2013] – Coltan, Congo and Conflict by the Hague Centre for Strategic Studies.

This report, produced in collaboration with the Bundesanstalt fur Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Raw Materials Group (RMG), and Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI), evaluates the links between coltan trade and violence in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and examines the potential for recent legislation to break such links and reduce conflict.

[June 2013] – Global Resources: Conflict and Cooperation edited by Roland Dannreuther and Wojciech Ostrowski.

This book, published by Palgrave Macmillan, is in substantial part an outcome of the POLINARES project. The volume provides critical insights into the dynamic processes of conflict and cooperation in relation to oil, gas and minerals, recognising that there is no easy and clear separation between areas of cooperation and of conflict and that these relations co-exist in complex and continually evolving ways. The contributors argue that the nature of conflict and cooperation is increasingly being shaped by the shift towards state capitalism in many parts of the resource-producing world.

[November 2012] – Limits to the critical raw materials approach by Bram Buijs, Henrike Sievers and Luis A. Tercero Espinoza.

Published in Proceedings of the ICE Waste and Resource Management (, Volume 165, Issue 4, 01 November 2012.
Permission is granted by ICE Publishing to print one copy for personal use. Any other use of these PDF files is subject to reprint fees.

[November 2011] – Twin Briefing Paper on Energy and Mineral Resource Security

In a twin briefing paper published by the Clingendael International Energy Programme (CIEP) and the German Geological Survey (BGR) the fierce debate about resource security is addressed and examined critically. Their conclusion is that a large part of this debate revolves about misconceptions and a skewed portrayal of facts, which increases the risk of exaggerated policy responses. Rather than alarmism, the authors propose a balanced approach to energy and mineral resource security.