Project Deliverables

[December 2012] – D5.1: “Report on the proposed options, policies and roles for the EU“.

Work Package 5 has identified and evaluated a number of policy approaches which improve the balance between competition and collaboration with respect to access to oil, gas and minerals, in a way which reduces tension and conflict for the future and suggested ways in which the EU can promote these approaches.

[December 2012] – D4.1: “A framework for the formulation of new approaches and solutions“.

Work Package 4 has critically assessed how oil, gas and mineral related institutions and policies have been used, or are being used, to address key risks and challenges to access to natural resources. The goal of this analysis has been to discuss whether these approaches meet a number of criteria that have been developed in Work Package 4. Work Package 4 also provides insights through specific case studies. It concludes by summarising the recommended theoretical framework and some of the main findings from the Work Package.

[April 2012] – D3.1: “An analysis of current and recent practices and strategies of key actors (public and private) in the oil, gas and minerals industries and identification and assessment of the major future risks for tension and conflict relating to oil, gas and minerals“.

Work Package 3 has assessed the implications from Work Packages 1 and 2 for current and future tension and conflict with respect to oil, gas and minerals. Specifically this included examining current and recent practices and strategies of key actors, both public and private and the identification and assessment of major future risks for tension and conflict relating to oil, gas and minerals.

[March 2012] – D2.1: “Identification of potential sources of competition, tension and conflict, and potential technological solutions“.

Work Package 2 has assessed the future availability and demands for energy and other selected minerals to provide the basis for evaluation of potential future sources of tension and conflict. Technical and economic data for critical resources were analysed for key factors determining recent and future supply and demand, and to develop scenarios for the future. Current and recent practices and strategies of key actors were examined to understand, refine and calibrate theoretical models developed. In parallel criteria such as import dependence, the geographical concentration of the production and the political stability in raw material producing countries has been studied. Subsequently examples for market changing factors are discussed.

[September 2010] – D1.1: “An historical and theoretical analysis which identifies the key variables and different combinations of theories which act or may be applied to explain collaboration, competition and conflict with respect to access to oil, gas and minerals“.

The issue of increased competition and conflict over access to oil, gas and minerals has risen up the political agenda throughout the 2000s as prices have risen, emerging countries such as China and India have become major new players in international energy and mineral markets, and multiple post-Cold War civil wars have appeared to be linked to the extraction and looting of fossil fuels and minerals. The threat of conflict and instability has added urgency to the search for collaborative and cooperative solutions to ensure secure and equitable access to these vital natural resources, which are critical for future global prosperity and security.

Work package 1 has developed an analytical and theoretical framework which explains the sources of conflict, collaboration and competition over access to oil, gas and minerals. It develops this framework through a close and detailed analysis of the historical evolution of the politics and economics of oil, gas and minerals from the nineteenth century onwards.